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The History of Playing Cards: Hearts, Diamonds, Spades and Clubs !

When I hear the word 'Cards', I know why my hands go numb and my mind goes crazy. Many of us have had this feeling many times, even those who have never played cards! But to those who are fairly familiar with the game, the term has a different meaning. It's hard to find a person who doesn't know how to play Bridge, Bray, Twenty Nine but can't play Rangmilanti. Now if you sit in front of the computer again, someone can open solitaire and play cards when they are offline! There are various types of card games on mobile too. Just what else to play? There are various types of bahari magic with cards. Most street magic involves cards.

The History of Playing Cards

The popularity of this game is probably skyrocketing due to the lack of abundance of playing materials. What does it take? A pack of cards is enough. Fifty-two colorful bahari are hidden in the cards as a wonderful way to pass the time. Sometimes I really want to know, how did this game come about? How did the  idea of ​​'king' , 'queen'  and  'vizier'  or  'slave' come about?

If we look at the invention of the card game, it can be seen that the game of cards was invented in the fifteenth century, almost six hundred years ago. The game is believed to have originated in China. Around the 9th century AD,  during the reign of Tang, the first king of the Shang dynasty, the  women of Anthapura used to spend their time playing cards. Then coins and plates were used as playing cards.

Many people used to carry goods from China to different countries on the backs of donkeys or elephants. The game of cards spread to the countries of the Middle East through those who came to China for commercial reasons.  The 'Mamluk' rulers of Egypt named the game Nab, Naibi or Naip.  The Mamluks are said to have introduced the game with fifty-two cards in the 13th century AD. But their card symbols were different. They kept cards numbered one to ten as court cards marked 'King' 'Queen' and 'Vizier' Vizir is a Russian word meaning vizier. One of the viziers of the Mamluk emperor was named Nayib. As he patronized the game a lot, the game was popularized in Egypt as Nab, Naibi or Naip.

In the fifteenth century, the game of cards became widespread in European countries. And immediately gambling with cards started. This gambling became one of the means of entertainment in the society of that time. Due to the spread of such gambling, European culture was seriously threatened. Then the European rulers banned playing cards by law. But the sanctions of the European rulers did not have much effect at that time. The invention of the printing press in Johannesburg, South Africa, led to the printing of cards in large quantities. The game was further popularized by the spread of those cards to the far reaches of Europe. So in the end the ban on cards did not last long. As a result, 'gambling' or 'gambling' has become an unwritten form of recognition.

The history of playing cards has evolved over time. The prevalence and spread of this game in different countries is due to the diversity of society and culture. Italy, Spain, Germany and France are worthy claimants as pioneers of the card evolution. Variations in images or symbols are widely visible in different countries. The playing cards we currently use correspond to the playing cards of France. The symbols in English are Hearts, Diamonds, Spades and Clubs. Variations of the names in Bengali are  Hartan, Ruitan, Ishkapan and Chirtan .

Until the 19th century the sport was confined to the royal family and feudal lords. However, along with the political change in Germany, the name of the card also changed. Early card packs contained 78 cards. But as playing with so many cards became complicated and cumbersome, the number of cards was reduced.

Now let us come to the origin of the various symbols used in the cards. The four symbols of the card carry the identity of different classes of fifteenth century society. Again, the pictures of the cards are presented by various historical figures. Let's talk about diamonds first. It is basically a symbol of the rich class. They were the ruling class at that time. Diamonds denoted their wealth and opulence. Spades were the symbol of a soldier. The word spade comes from the Spanish 'spada' which means sword. The Hearts symbol was shaped like a betel leaf. Later it takes the shape of a heart. It is basically a symbol of the clergy of that time. The emergence of this symbol with the sacred mind of the clergy. Finally, 'clubs' meant poor people. Bengali for English Clubs is 'Mugur'. This card has a meaning like "Mugurai Symbol of poor people".

Various symbol cards have pictures of king, queen and vizier on them. They also reflect many historical characters. Now let's see the characters on which these famous films are based-

Ishkapan or Spade

King David is called the King of Spades who was the slayer of the giant Philistine warrior Goliath. According to the Bible, David was the ancestor of Jesus Christ. This famous king never took any decision based on any emotion. He always considered various matters with judgement and intelligence. The queen of this card is Pallas, the Greek goddess of war, who holds a sword and a flower in both hands. The image of Jacques is a popular poetic character in France.

Hearts or Hartans

Around 800 AD, the famous King Charlemagne or Charles conquered almost half of Europe. In the card, this king is seen attempting to kill himself by thrusting a sword into his own head. So many people call this king the suicide king. Another interesting fact is that the King of Hearts is the only one among the kings of cards to have no moustache. Jack of Hearts is La Hiere who was the commander of the French military.

Diamonds or Ruitan

Who has not heard the name of King Julius Caesar? This influential ruler played an important role in the rise of the Roman Empire. King of Diamonds is basically this famous ruler, politician and writer of Rome. He very efficiently controlled the politics of Rome for a long time. Another interesting thing is that among the kings of cards, all the kings' faces are clearly visible, but only the face of Ruitan's king is half visible. Queen of Diamonds is his wife Rachel. According to Greek and Roman mythology, the famous warrior of "Troy" was Hector, and Jack of Diamonds commemorates him.

Clubs or Eternals

It is hard to find a person who has not heard the name of Alexander the Great, the Macedonian emperor of Greece. Around 323 BC, Alexander the Great conquered almost the entire world. And the king of clubs is this victorious king. The Queen of Clubs is the only English woman who is none other than the British Queen Elizabeth I. His servant is the famous Knight of the Round Table, Sir Lance Lott.

Maybe not so many things play in our mind while playing with cards. The history of playing cards, whether known or unknown, does not seem to have much effect on the game. Despite this, if some of it is known, it is not particularly bad, let the card game be filled with history!

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